Before the Stone Age, little has been unearthed to confirm Cornwall was habited by humans however the area did receive quite a few visitors. The first settlers were hunter-gatherers who made the coastline of Cornwall their home from 10,000 BC onwards. These early settlers are responsible for the megalithic monuments that can be seen today. The name Cornwall stems from the tribal name ‘Cornovii’ which translates to ‘horn people’ which refers to the location of early Cornish settlements around the margin of the south-western peninsula. The name Wales comes from the Anglo-Saxon word ‘Wealas’ which translates to foreigners.
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During the Neolithic period, there was considerable development in agricultural and social development in the area. A fortified settlement was set up on the civil parish of Carn Brea, farming began to progress, and the population in the area grew. The early Bronze Age ushered in the introductions of metalworking. With an abundant supply of natural resources used for making tin and copper, tin mining arrived Cornwall. Many menhirs, stone circles and standing stones were erected during this age as ceremonial or burial monuments. During the latter part of the Bronze Age, the way of farming changed due to changes that brought on a wetter climate. Settlements shifted to areas like Newquay. Iron replaced bronze during the Iron Age. Defended settlements began to spring up, and economic and social centres grew. The arrival of the Romans in the first century AD had little effect on the rural society of Cornwall. Cornwall was ruled by Gordian III whose name was found inscribed on a milestone in Gwennap. The Battle of Deorham Down between the Britons and West Saxons took place in 577. Ceawlin and his son, Cuthwine, successfully seized Bath, Gloucester and, Cirencester. In 710, King of the West Saxons, Ina, sent forth on with the intention of terminating Dumnonia. The battle spurned more fights that lasted over 50 years or so. During the Breton-Norman period, most Cornish Landlords had been evicted, and their lands were taken over by English landowners. After the Norman Conquest in the 11th Century, the properties in Cornwall were passed on to Breton- Norman nobility. At the end of the Norman conquests, the lands were taken over by select Cornu-Normans.
Gone are the days when Cornwall central revenue came through metalwork trade. Today, Cornwall’s primary source of income is through tourism, and it’s not hard to see why. ‘Kernow’ as it is fondly known by the local, is a wealth of excellent beaches, tropical-like climates, and rousing settings. There’s much to do if you’re genuinely eager to see what the county has to offer. Surf to your heart’s content or make use of the historical wealth around. Visit the many ancient sites of the stone monuments that pre-date the pyramids of Egypt! Some of the top Cornish sights include St Michael’s Mount, Tate St Ives, Tintagel Castle, Lanhydrock, The Eden Project, Lost Gardens of Heligan and Tresco Abbey Garden amongst others. The cuisine in Cornwall caters to all palates! Treat yourself to an exquisite meal at a Michelin star restaurant or discover iconic Cornish food. The area dishes up some of the freshest seafood you’ll ever taste. Packed with historical monuments, fantastic scenery, blue-hued waters and a wealth of activities, Cornwall is definitely worth a visit!