Christened by the Romans as Mamucium (meaning breast-shaped hill), Manchester has grown from humble beginnings to the third largest city in the UK. The invading Romans erected a wooden fort Mamucium an estimated mile from Manchester Cathedral with the intention of protecting Roman interests in Chester. Settlements began to spring up around the fort providing a market for citizens to trade items like wine and shoes. The end of the Roman rule would usher in the Norman Conquest w. Referred to as Mamecester in the Doomsday Book, Manchester was yet an insignificant village until the 13th century. The city began to flourish when Lord of the Manor, Robert De Grelly constructed a manor, the church of St Mary and initiated a weekly market. During the medieval ages, Manchester supported a thriving trade in wool. In 1301 Manchester was presented with a charter granting the locals certain rights.
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Manchester continued to flourish during the 16th century with an ever-growing population that tragically lessened with the outbreak of the plague in 1603. The residents gradually recovered, and business began to prosper once again with trade in silk added to the already flourishing industry of wool and cotton. Manchester’s first newspaper began operation in 1719. The early stages of the Industrial Revolution pushed Manchester to the forefront of many trades. The population which was a comfortable 10,000 soared to 70,000 by the final years of the 18th Century. Manchester earned the nickname “Cottonopolis and “Warehouse City” for its mass cotton production. Extensions on canals and other transport systems made Manchester easier to access. During the 19th Century, the city faced the infamous Peterloo Massacre. 15 people were brutally killed, and many were seriously injured when the Manchester Yeomanry began slicing through a jeering crowd gathered on St Peters Field intend on hearing the statements of radical speakers including Henry Hunt.
Today, Manchester is a powerhouse, undergoing many beautification processes. While the music scene in the city is undeniably thriving, Manchester offers much more than just song. Savour the beauty of art through the ages at any of the city’s excellent museums and galleries or enjoy the eclectic range of cuisine ranging from upmarket restaurants to Curry Mile and Manchester’s very own Chinatown. Noteworthy sites include Manchester Town Hall, Manchester Cathedral, National Football Museum, Castlefield, Chetham’s Library, and Heaton Park.